4G Cellular Broadband - LTE Community Architecture and Protocol Stack

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The objective?http://www.raptorpowersystems.com/pdu-s of the LTE standard is always to generate requirements for any new radio-access know-how geared to larger facts charges, minimal latency and bigger spectral performance. The spectral performance concentrate on for the LTE method is 3 to 4 situations bigger in comparison to the present HSPA method. These aggressive spectral performance targets require utilizing the engineering envelope by using state-of-the-art air-interface strategies like low-PAPR orthogonal uplink multiple accessibility determined by SC-FDMA(single-carrier frequency division several accessibility) MIMO multiple-input multiple-output multi-antenna technologies, inter-cell interference mitigation techniques, lower latency channel construction and single-frequency network (SFN) broadcast. The scientists and engineers engaged on the standard appear up with new progressive technological innovation proposals and concepts for process performance improvement. Due to the remarkably aggressive conventional development plan, these scientists and engineers are usually not able to publish their proposals in conferences or journals, etc. In the criteria development period, the proposals experience substantial scrutiny with numerous resources analyzing and simulating the proposed technologies from procedure overall performance enhancement and implementation complexity views. As a result, only the highest-quality proposals and ideas at last make in the common.

Keyword phrases: LTE Architecture, UDP, GDP, MIMO, MIME, MCCH, MBMS, QOS


The LTE community architecture is designed using the aim of supporting packet-switched traffic with seamless mobility, excellent of support (QoS) and negligible latency. A packet-switched technique will allow for the supporting of all providers together with voice through packet connections. The end result inside a really simplified flatter architecture with only two different types of node particularly progressed Node-B (eNB) and mobility administration entity/gateway (MME/GW). This is often in contrast to quite a few much more community nodes inside the latest hierarchical network architecture of your 3G program. A person significant alter is that the radio network controller (RNC) is eradicated from your information path and its features at the moment are included in eNB. Some of the benefits of a one node inside the entry community are reduced latency plus the distribution from the RNC processing load into various eNBs. The elimination of your RNC from the entry community was feasible partly since the LTE method isn't going to help macro-diversity or soft-handoff.


All the network interfaces are determined by IP protocols. The eNBs are interconnected through an X2 interface also to the MME/GW entity through an S1 interface as proven in Figure1. The S1 interface supports a many-to-many romance concerning MME/GW and eNBs.

The useful split in between eNB and MME/GW is proven in Determine two Two sensible gateway entities namely the serving gateway (S-GW) and the packet knowledge community gateway (P-GW) is outlined. The S-GW functions as being a neighborhood mobility anchor forwarding and getting packets to and from your eNB serving the UE. The P-GW interfaces with exterior packet information networks (PDNs) including the Web plus the IMS. The P-GW also performs numerous IP functions for example address allocation, policy enforcement, packet filtering and routing.

The MME is really a signaling only entity and hence person IP packets never endure MME. An advantage of a independent community entity for signaling is the network potential for signaling and visitors can improve independently. The primary features of MME are idle-mode UE access skill such as the handle and execution of paging retransmission, monitoring region listing management, roaming, authentication, authorization, P-GW/S-GW range, bearer management together with committed bearer institution, protection negotiations and NAS signaling, and so on.